The thesis is the culmination of a student’s university career. Generally, there are 2 types of thesis: the compilation and the experimental.
The compiling degree thesis consists in gathering information from many sources, which will then be summarized and re-elaborated for the purposes of one’s own speech. But the information found for the thesis cannot be considered innovative, but simply represents an interpretation of what has already been said by others. Reverse discourse for experimental degree theses, which instead are formed by a more original use of the sources. An experimental thesis is the experimentation of an innovative method, a research that can include sampling, quantitative and qualitative analyzes performed in the laboratory according to reproducible scientific methods. Therefore, the thesis or part of it, will tend to say something different than what has already been said in previous texts or will propose the vision of a problem in a new perspective. Realizing an experimental thesis, however, will not be easy for the student at all, but with method and organization it can undoubtedly produce serious work up to expectations. Now let’s see some useful tips to develop one:
First of all it is necessary to have in mind what the objectives of your thesis are:
in practice, you must have in mind well what are the research questions to which you want to give an answer. The methods and tools necessary for the study to be carried out must then be highlighted. In practice, you have to organize the thesis. Furthermore, the degree thesis must mainly present the following general structure: Title – Index – Introduction – Theoretical assumptions – Materials and methods – Results of the analysis – Discussion of the results – Conclusions – Bibliography. Furthermore, it must include any appendices.
The title must necessarily be short, precise, clear and recall what the subject is.
As a rule, it must be agreed with your supervisor. In the introduction, the subject of the thesis must be specified. A chapter will follow where both the hypotheses on which the research was set up and the objectives to be achieved will be specified. In the materials and methods section, a detailed description of all the tools and procedures used to perform sampling and analysis should be made. In the results section, everything that was actually found during the research will be indicated. Furthermore, the discussion must contain the critical analysis of the results obtained with particular references to the relevant literature, problems that may have been encountered and the possibility of further research linked in the future. Finally, in the conclusion, you will have to summarize the most important results achieved.
Another fundamental thing to keep in mind is that the bibliography will necessarily have to indicate all the sources (books or articles in scientific journals) referred to in the thesis writing. In this section, the entries will be rigorously put in alphabetical order (by last name) of the first author.